Mental health components and locus of control

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Date
2014
Authors
Shojaee, Mahnaz
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Journal ISSN
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Publisher
Mount Saint Vincent University
Abstract
Using Ryff’s positive psychological theory as a conceptual framework, this research was focused on mental health to explore the degree to which mental health can be predicted by personality and demographic factors. This theory covers all critical features of well-being by taking into consideration different developmental, personality and clinical theories. Employing Ryff’s inclusive theory that covered six dimensions (purpose in life, self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, and personal growth), the researcher studied the relationship between mental health components and locus of control in one hundred and seventy two students attending Mount Saint Vincent University. All participants completed two measures of locus of control (Rotter’s LOC Scale and Levenson’s Multidimensional LOC Scale), Ryff’s Well-Being Scale, and a Demographic Questionnaire. Bivariate correlation, ANOVA and hierarchical linear regression revealed that there was a positive association between internal locus of control and well-being as measured by Ryff’s scale. Findings from the current research demonstrated that individuals who have an internal locus of control have higher levels of mental health in comparison to with individuals with an external locus of control. Hierarchical linear regression analysis revealed that locus of control, gender, citizenship status, marital status, and time spent in face to face contact can predict 41% of the variance in participants’ mental health.
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Keywords
Mental health , Well-being , Developmental theory
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