The Development and Validation of the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale
Mount Saint Vincent University
Subjective well-being (subjective well-being) is a construct comprised of positive and negative affect, as well as a sense of satisfaction with one’s life. Presently there is no scale designed to assess subjective well-being in preschool age children. The purpose of this thesis was to develop and validate the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale. Research into positive areas of psychology within preschool age children is sparse. The development of such a scale as proposed in this research will help further develop our understanding of the factors that cultivate subjective well-being in children. Twenty-six children and their parents participated in this study. Children were administered the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children. Parents completed the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale on behalf of their respective children. In order to validate the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale, items were subjected to correlations with those on the other two scales, and analyses of internal reliability were run on the three composites of the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale. Sex was found to be a significant factor, and the Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale proved to be moderately reliable. Results are discussed in terms of sex differences in self-concept, and limitations of the present study are explored.
subjective well-being , Preschoolers’ Subjective Well-Being Scale , psychology