Does Social Support Impact the Prediction of Locus of Control for University Students Differentiated on Personality and Parenting?
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among perceived parenting styles, personality, and locus of control in a sample of at-risk university students. At-risk was defined by low levels of social support using Cutrona's (1984) Social Provisions Scale. University students enrolled in undergraduate psychology courses at Mount Saint Vincent University participated in the study. Sixty-nine participants completed the Parental Authority Questionnaire, the HEXACO Personality Inventory- Revised, the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External control scale, and the Social Provisions Scale. Students who perceived their parents as having an authoritative parenting style and were open to experience demonstrated an internal locus of control. Perceived parenting style and personality combined was a better predictor of locus of control than either factor alone. This thesis demonstrates the important role that school psychologists can play in influencing parenting and social support to help students adopt a more internal locus of control.