Determination of Chinese Canadians' Quality of Life with Nutrition-related Facets

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Kwok, Stephanie
Mann, Linda
Wong, Kwan
Blum, Ilya
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Purpose: The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Quality of Life (QOL) as satisfaction with physical health, psychological, social relationships and environment domains. The objective was to use the WHOQOL questionnaire, with the addition of nutrition-related facets, to assess Chinese Canadians and relate to relevant demographic, dietary and traditional health belief (THB) variables. Methods: Using probability sampling, 106 adult Chinese Canadians were recruited from community organizations. Telephone interviews, employing the tested questionnaire, were conducted in Cantonese or Mandarin.Data were analyzed through MSExcel and SPSS statistical software. Results: Overall participants were satisfied with QOL and general health, and had relatively better physical health and environmental domains compared to the other two domains. Longer residency in Canada and higher English proficiency corresponded to higher QOL, physical health and environmental domain scores. Those who had adapted their THB to Canadian practices had significantly higher QOL and environmental domain scores. Conclusions: The WHOQOL, with the addition of the nutrition-related facets, is a valid and reliable tool to assess cross-cultural groups. QOL of immigrants can be enhanced with English language supports and culturally appropriate nutrition resources. Future research should explore QOL with more recent, younger immigrants and those of lower socio-economic status
Quality of life , WHOQOL , Nutrition , Diet , Chinese Canadians